The Beginner’s Guide to Epoxy Flooring and What It Can Do

Flooring is an essential element of any building, whether it’s a home, office, or industrial facility. It provides the foundation for everything in the space, from furniture and equipment placement to foot traffic and safety. Choosing the suitable flooring material is crucial to ensure it can withstand daily wear and tear, maintain its appearance, and protect the underlying structure.

Epoxy flooring is a popular solution for residential and commercial spaces due to its durability and low maintenance needs. Epoxy is a thermosetting resin that hardens when mixed with a hardener. It creates a strong bond with the surface it’s applied to, resulting in a durable and long-lasting finish. Epoxy flooring comprises several layers, starting with a base coat, then a decorative layer (if desired), and finished with a topcoat to protect against wear and tear. The result is a smooth, seamless surface that’s easy to clean and maintain. Few people know how they work, so we will discuss the details in this article.

Types of Epoxy Flooring

Several types of epoxy flooring are available, each with unique characteristics and benefits. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most common types:

Epoxy Flake Coating

Epoxy flake coating is a popular option for residential and commercial spaces due to its decorative appeal and durability. This type of epoxy flooring consists of a base coat, followed by a layer of decorative flakes, and finished with a clear epoxy topcoat. The flakes come in various colors and sizes, allowing for customization and creating a unique look.

The epoxy base coat is applied to the surface and left to cure for several hours. Once the base coat is cured, the decorative flakes are broadcasted onto the wet epoxy, creating a decorative layer. The flakes are evenly distributed and left to cure for a few hours.

Epoxy Floor Coatings

Epoxy floor coatings are flooring systems made of resins and hardeners. This mixture forms a strong and durable surface resistant to wear and tear, chemicals, and stains. Epoxy floor coatings are commonly used in industrial and commercial settings due to their durability and low maintenance requirements.

The process of applying an epoxy floor coating typically involves several steps. First, the surface must be cleaned and prepared to ensure proper adhesion of the coating. This may include grinding or shot-blasting the surface to remove any existing coatings, stains, or imperfections. Next, the epoxy mixture is applied to the surface using a trowel or roller. The coating is spread evenly over the surface and left to cure for several hours. Once the epoxy has cured, a topcoat may be applied to provide additional protection and enhance the appearance of the surface.

Epoxy Self-Levelers

Epoxy self-levelers are floor coatings designed to level themselves on the applied surface. This type of coating is often used in areas where a smooth, level surface is necessary, such as in commercial and industrial settings. Epoxy self-levelers are also commonly used in garages, basements, and other residential spaces.

Epoxy Terrazzo Flooring

Epoxy terrazzo flooring is a type of decorative flooring made by mixing epoxy resin with various aggregates, such as marble, glass, or quartz. The mixture is then poured onto the surface and cured before it is polished to a high shine. Epoxy terrazzo flooring is highly durable and resistant to stains, making it a popular choice for high-traffic commercial and industrial settings.

Antistatic Epoxy Flooring

Antistatic epoxy flooring is a specialized epoxy floor coating that prevents static electricity buildup. It is often used in areas where static electricity can pose a risk, such as in electronics manufacturing facilities or data centers. Antistatic epoxy flooring is created by adding conductive materials to the epoxy resin mixture, dissipating static electricity through the floor and into the grounding system. This type of flooring helps protect sensitive equipment and can improve safety in the workplace.

Epoxy Screeds

Epoxy screeds are epoxy flooring applied in thicker layers than traditional epoxy coatings. They are typically 3-6mm thick and are often used in industrial settings where heavy machinery and equipment are present. Epoxy screeds are highly durable and resistant to impact, abrasion, and chemical spills. Epoxy screeds can be customized with various aggregates, such as quartz or sand, to create a textured surface for added slip resistance.

Advantages of Epoxy Flooring

Epoxy flooring offers several advantages over other flooring materials, including:

Better Aesthetics

Epoxy flooring can be customized with various colors, textures, and designs, making it a versatile and attractive option for any space. It can also be used to create a seamless and uniform appearance, which can make a space feel more cohesive and polished.

Low Maintenance

Epoxy flooring is easy to clean and requires minimal maintenance. It’s resistant to stains, chemicals, and moisture, which means it can withstand spills and other mishaps without becoming damaged or discolored.

Increased Safety

Epoxy flooring is slip-resistant, which makes it a safer option for spaces that receive heavy foot traffic or are prone to spills. It can also be customized with safety markings or directional arrows to help guide people through the space.

Highly Durable

Epoxy flooring is incredibly durable and can withstand heavy machinery, foot traffic, and other wear and tear. It’s also resistant to scratches, chips, and further damage, so it can maintain its appearance for years.

Environmental Friendliness

Epoxy flooring is an environmentally friendly option, as it doesn’t require harsh chemicals or solvents to clean. It’s also more energy-efficient than other flooring materials, as it can help regulate temperature and reduce heating and cooling costs.

Maintaining Your Epoxy Flooring

Epoxy flooring is a long-lasting and durable option for commercial and residential spaces. However, like any other flooring, it requires regular maintenance to preserve its appearance and performance. Epoxy flooring is resistant to stains, but cleaning up spills quickly is still essential to prevent them from penetrating the surface. Use a soft cloth or mop to wipe up spills, and avoid using harsh chemicals that can damage the epoxy coating.

Of course, you must sweep and mop regularly. Dirt and debris can scratch and damage the epoxy coating over time, so you must sweep or vacuum the floor regularly. Mopping the floor with a mild detergent and warm water can also help maintain its appearance.

As for cleaning products, you must avoid using harsh cleaning products. While epoxy flooring is resistant to chemicals, it’s still important to avoid using harsh cleaning products that can damage the surface. Instead, use mild detergent and warm water to clean the floor.


Epoxy flooring isan excellentt investment for any home or business owner looking for a durable, long-lasting solution. There may be other choices, but epoxy flooring is a top choice due to its durability, versatility, and easy maintenance. With proper care, your epoxy flooring will continue to provide a beautiful and functional surface for your home or business.

If you’re looking for epoxy for concrete floors, Top Flight Garage Floors has what you need! Our professional flooring contractors use the best materials to ensure your home gets aesthetically pleasing yet functional flooring. Call us today at 803-471-4171 to schedule an appointment!